Besides having had the advantage of buying cheap land years ago, many mature wineries still cultivate aging, stumpy vineyards. The Zinfandel vine sometimes grows to a ripe age of 100, producing fewer and fewer grapes each harvest. The hearty, remaining berries yield a richer, concentrated, more flavorful wine. Cabernet, although the vines don't produce as long, also follows the same pattern.
Napa's elite fraternity of older wineries reads like a Who's Who: Beaulieu Vineyards, Robert Mondavi, Charles Krug, Louis Martini, and Beringer. Because of their dedication to excellence, the Mondavi family reigns as the most highly regarded by the industry. In 1943, Cesare and Rosa Mondavi purchased the legendary yet struggling 1861 Charles Krug Winery. They re-infused a passion equal to the winery's namesake and re-established the brand. Today, Peter, Cesare's son, runs the show. Cesare Mondavi's other son Robert -- you may have heard of him? -- resides down the road at Robert Mondavi Winery, established in 1966 after Robert and his son Michael broke off from Krug to spread their wings.
A bit to the south lies Beringer Winery, billed as the oldest continually operating winery in Napa. Created in 1876 by the Beringer brothers, the winery still uses the deep cellaring tunnels dug out of the hills right after they purchased the property. Today, Beringer is practically a household name in the US, appreciated for its high quality.
Beaulieu [BOOL yuh] Vineyards (BV for short) recently celebrated their 100th anniversary of continuous wine production, a momentous occasion considering Prohibition's 13-year reign. They stuck it out by producing sacramental wine, biding their time until the madness ended. George de Latour, BV's founder, became synonymous with wine excellence throughout the valleys, and that description still fits.
Louis Martini Winery, established right after Prohibition ended in 1933, is in its third generation of winemaking. It continues to win awards and accolades for its juice, and Italian immigrant Louis Martini would be proud. To this day, his 250-acre Monte Rosso vineyard in Sonoma, purchased in 1938, still produces legendary Cabernets and Zinfandels.
Buena Vista's 1000-acre winery straddles both Napa and Sonoma valleys in the Carneros region. The mild weather in the vineyards is perfect for Chardonnay and Pinot Noir grapes, the centerpieces of Buena Vista's wines. But older doesn't necessarily mean better. In the past, they've produced great juice, but their recent vintages have lacked earlier quality.
Just remember wine, like people, only gets better with age.
Charles Krug Vintage Select 1997 Cabernet Still young with hefty tannins, but cherry aroma flies out of the glass. Has really cool balanced oak and an elegant, silky fruit finish. The price might shock, but damn, this is good. $65.
Beaulieu Vineyards 2001 Sauvignon Blanc This wine is so clean it smells like sunlight. Nice, crisp acidity and tropical flavors that will remind you of the beach. 1/2 $11.
Louis Martini 2000 Monte Rosso Zinfandel Might be hard to find, but definitely worth the search. Rich, beautiful, fresh berry salad in the mouth that tastes so good you don't want to swallow it. $18.